You might think it is the blue macaw or the toucan. In fact, sabiá-laranjeira (Turdus rufiventris or, in English, rufous-bellied thrush) became the official national bird in 2002 thanks to a presidential decree.
It was probably chosen because of a famous 19th century chauvinist poem by Gonçalves Dias, Canção do Exílio (The Exile Song), that says: “Minha terra tem palmeiras/Onde canta o sabiá/As aves que aqui gorgeiam/Não gorgeiam como lá” (My homeland has palm trees/ Where the thrush sings/ The birds that sing in here/ Do not sing as they do there). It was written when Dias was in Law school in Portugal.
Pay special attention to the amazing range and variety of sounds produced by the Lawrence’s thrush (Turdus lawrenci), that imitates the songs of several other species. Also, pay a visit to the recording of the voice of the organ wren (Cyphorhirus arada) , or uirapuru, as it is called in Portuguese, inspired by a Tupi-Guarani word. Found in most of the Amazon basin, he is famous for his long and melodic style, similar to a flute. The uirapuru always sings in the early morning, for a few days per year.